04 Apr Wine Making: An Overview
Wine has the same meaning as culture and class, and it’s a tradition that spans centuries. It’s an art, actually: how grapes are grown, the way they’re tended, how pests and bugs are kept down, the way and when the fruit is harvested, and the process of extracting the juice and turning it. The entire procedure is affected by location, too, as climate, soil condition, and certain varietals impact the flavor of the end product. In smaller plantations, sometimes lots of the picking and pruning of the grapes is carried out by hand. But, on large yield crops, the majority of the work is completed using machines: planting, spraying pesticides, and even the picking, sorting, crushing, pressing and pumping the juice and out of the storage and fermentation vats as well. And, at the very end of this line, many wines are bottled and corked through machine, also.
Wine is amazingly finicky, with so many things affecting a specific vintage’s flavor and quality, and growers which are excellent at what they’ve refined their technique over time. But if you’re brand new to this and don’t know much (if anything!) In regards to the grape-to-wine procedure, here’s a concise summary.
Once an area is prepared and grape vines are planted, you won’t get much of a harvested crop until about the next growing season. It requires a while for the grapes to begin and create a harvest which you can really do something with. And although you can start to do some thing with the return following a few years, there are a few varietals that don’t give their very best fruit until several years in the future.
Once planted, you are constantly tending the grapes. They need to be educated to everything you want them to develop on. There’s pruning demanded at the beginning of the season, and then as they rise, foliage needs to be cut back so the sun can shine on the fruit straight and allow it to ripen. And you have got to discover a way to keep bugs down. Some growers do this by spraying chemical pesticides and pesticides on the crops. Other people attempt to handle that matter organically by placing other crops between rows that will attract the bugs, thus hoping to keep the attack on the down tomatoes by offering alternative host plants.
Harvesting is also a sensitive item, depending on the climate where the grapes are grown. A storm can alter the state of the grapes and they don’t continue to ripen once they are picked from the vine, so there’s a good deal of precision included. Growers are assessing the sugar content fairly frequently as the crop approaches, so they can pick the grapes once the sugar and acidity levels are just right. Harvesting often occurs at night or in the early morning hours before sunrise, allowing the fruit to remain cool longer after it’s been picked. (The heat affects what’s happening digitally inside the grape.)
Once removed from the blossom, the blossoms have to be destemmed and crushed, then the juice is put into huge vats where the fermentation process starts. White wine ferments at a lower temperature over a longer period of time, and red wines experience that process at a higher temperature and at a significantly quicker quantity of time. Additionally, a yeast mixture is usually added to the juice to help accelerate fermentation.
Whenever the fermenting process is finished, the wine is set aside to age before bottling. It can on occasion find cloudy since it sits, and it must be explained again before it’s bottled. This may be done in different ways. As an example, you could strain the liquid, or, alternately, add just a little bit of milk or egg whites (seems crazy, we understand!) To the mixture.
Once the wine is prepared, it’s bottled and available for purchase. Particular vintages are from time to time put away in cool cellars or wine plantations so their taste can continue to grow and get better with age. It’s a fairly fascinating process, and there’s a lot of science and fine tuning that goes to getting a bottle of great wine. For a few interesting videos and added information, check out these links!
As a motorcoach company, we offer charter bus Houston for group wine tours. If touring vineyards, tasting various vintages and learning more about the process sounds interesting to you, call us today! We’d love to bring you along for the ride!